A neighbourhood around a square that invites you to linger? As short a distance as possible in the city? Basic services around the corner?
The Lößniger Piazza is the pulsating heart of the entire neighbourhood, a meeting place for young and old. You can hear children playing around the central fountain instead of traffic noise disturbing conversations. Parents sit carefree on benches or on chairs in the restaurant and can eat without worry. Later, they relax and do their weekly shopping. Students arrive by bike via the long-awaited east-west connection across Taro Street and visit the bar. At the neighbourhood centre, you can hear young and old laughing and having fun together. Grandparents don’t have to walk long to get to the nearest bus or streetcar stop and take care of pharmacies and doctor’s appointments in peace. People at work watch the spectacle from co-working offices and look forward to their lunch break under the trees.
We, students, have synthesized our key findings into the following dynamic mapping. It will help us to develop a functional program to support a thriving Lößniger neighbourhood. Our site analysis of the existing environment and its challenges for the planned neighbourhood is available in full on previous Posts: on Nature, People, Streets and Public Spaces, the Built environment and the existing Activities.
An analysis of the social components of the development project
In the near future, 1.600 apartments will spring up from the abandoned land at Bayerischer Bahnhof. A district park is to be created whereas a school campus, an elementary school, and a daycare center will emerge. Moreover, high-rise office buildings will fill the area in front of MDR. Ask the people in the neighbourhood about these plans: Yes, they had heard about it. But they don’t know any more details. If they could participate in designing their new neighborhood? They were not sure. The media discourse revolves around the new plans of the investors and the city – but what about the demands and the participation of the residents? And the future residents of the new quarter? After all, for whom is the planned urban space, if not for them?
In our previous article “Where are the people between Südvorstadt and Südost?” we reported of the low appropriation of space. As explanatory factors we suspected polarization and a lack of social networking in and between the adjacent neighbourhoods and of platforms for participation.To verify the theses we examined the city statistics and got in direct contact with the people who currently use the space – and we were able to confirm them.
So what does the neighbourhood expect from the project on its doorstep? And: who is the neighbourhood anyway?
The Lößniger Straße neighbourhood near the former Bayerischer Bahnhof site is about to undergo fundamental change. The emergence of the modern district at Bayerischer Bahnhof will have a major impact on the adjacent Lößniger Straße neighbourhood.
While the infrastructure for bicycles is almost non-existent, the adjacent neighbourhoods of the brownfield site have been oriented only towards car-friendly mobility. Due to the high proportion of parking spaces and the sparse planting, the public space therefore only ensures a low quality of stay. People with limited mobility prefer to walk on the streets rather than on the sidewalks. Does this design of the current streets and public spaces fulfil tomorrow needs of the emergent neighbourhood or is the infrastructure outdated?
This article is intended to show what developments await the Lößniger Straße neighbourhood, what the needs of residents are, and where there is a particular need for planning action.
An analysis of the urban space Bayerischer Bahnhof with the focus on nature
In our last post, we reported our impressions and perceptions of the nature of the abandoned land. We would now like to take a closer look at some aspects of the area and its surroundings.
Nature in cities has many functions. It provides the basis of life for many plants and animals. In addition, it also has positive effects on people in the city.
In this article, we examine the current state of the abandoned land and point out the natural importance of abandoned lands in various aspects.
Regarding the upcoming constructions, it is even more essential to recognize the current state of nature and its importance. It has to be incorporated into the planning processes. Urban abandoned lands offer the opportunity to experience nature in an unregulated way. They exist as a habitat for plants and animals without profound interference by humans, such as fertilization and pesticides. The free development of nature like this can hardly be found elsewhere in the city.
“The neighbourhood […] is not simply an arbitrary district, but a local micro-world in which many things can be done on foot in one’s own street or around the corner; this results in a sense of belonging that remains anonymous but brings with it responsibility for life in the neighbourhood.”
Feldtkeller, Andreas (2001c): Das Projekt Innenentwicklung – Zurück in die Stadt?, in: Feldtkeller, Andreas (ed.): Städtebau: Vielfalt und Integration, Neue Konzepte für den Umgang mit Stadtbrachen, Stuttgart, p. 34.
When we entered the brownfield of the “Stadtraum Bayerischer Bahnhof” for the first time we were immediately struck by the contrast between the prefabricated housing estate on the “Straße des 18. Oktober” and the old buildings of the Südvorstadt. For the second task, we want to continue this focus, but this time approach the topic with scientific methods and investigate whether these contrasts can also be determined objectively. First, we will look at the building structure, secondly at the building materials used, and finally at the use of the buildings.