Conception of a mixed-use, participative & inclusive space
The planning of the new quarter wants a central town square. This offers great potential for public life and community in the neighbourhood. Commercial uses concentrates there as well.
We now want to fill it with life through a utilization concept! To this purpose, we start with an analysis of the requirements that should be placed on the square. The guiding principle of a mixture of uses is essential for us, as well a participatory, connected and inclusive community. Based on the planned functions, you can then, in the second part, see the transfer of the concept into space on four sketches.
An analysis of the social components of the development project
In the near future, 1.600 apartments will spring up from the abandoned land at Bayerischer Bahnhof. A district park is to be created whereas a school campus, an elementary school, and a daycare center will emerge. Moreover, high-rise office buildings will fill the area in front of MDR. Ask the people in the neighbourhood about these plans: Yes, they had heard about it. But they don’t know any more details. If they could participate in designing their new neighborhood? They were not sure. The media discourse revolves around the new plans of the investors and the city – but what about the demands and the participation of the residents? And the future residents of the new quarter? After all, for whom is the planned urban space, if not for them?
In our previous article “Where are the people between Südvorstadt and Südost?” we reported of the low appropriation of space. As explanatory factors we suspected polarization and a lack of social networking in and between the adjacent neighbourhoods and of platforms for participation.To verify the theses we examined the city statistics and got in direct contact with the people who currently use the space – and we were able to confirm them.
So what does the neighbourhood expect from the project on its doorstep? And: who is the neighbourhood anyway?
The Lößniger Straße neighbourhood near the former Bayerischer Bahnhof site is about to undergo fundamental change. The emergence of the modern district at Bayerischer Bahnhof will have a major impact on the adjacent Lößniger Straße neighbourhood.
While the infrastructure for bicycles is almost non-existent, the adjacent neighbourhoods of the brownfield site have been oriented only towards car-friendly mobility. Due to the high proportion of parking spaces and the sparse planting, the public space therefore only ensures a low quality of stay. People with limited mobility prefer to walk on the streets rather than on the sidewalks. Does this design of the current streets and public spaces fulfil tomorrow needs of the emergent neighbourhood or is the infrastructure outdated?
This article is intended to show what developments await the Lößniger Straße neighbourhood, what the needs of residents are, and where there is a particular need for planning action.
The open spaces south of Bayerischer Bahnhof seem to be one thing above all: barely noticed. The crossing, serving as an extension of Shakespeare Straße, is well frequented by people, otherwise: all is quiet. Only the passing of the S-Bahn trains inside the new city tunnel broke the silence. Since the closure of the old Bayerischer Bahnhof and the dismantling of the tracks, no one seems to use the area. We have seen little reuse by the adjacent neighborhoods. That it is winter and we are in the middle of a pandemic may not be the only reasons. Could socio-spatially polarized neighborhoods and a lack of networks be the central factors?