Conception of a mixed-use, participative & inclusive space
The planning of the new quarter wants a central town square. This offers great potential for public life and community in the neighbourhood. Commercial uses concentrates there as well.
We now want to fill it with life through a utilization concept! To this purpose, we start with an analysis of the requirements that should be placed on the square. The guiding principle of a mixture of uses is essential for us, as well a participatory, connected and inclusive community. Based on the planned functions, you can then, in the second part, see the transfer of the concept into space on four sketches.
We have spent an entire semester working on the Bayerischer Bahnhof area. After we focused on the analysis of the already existing structures in the area of the Lößniger Piazza in our first and second post, we will now formulate concrete use and design ideas for a neighbourhood for all.
The following synergies and focal points have emerged for us in advance:
An analysis of the social components of the development project
In the near future, 1.600 apartments will spring up from the abandoned land at Bayerischer Bahnhof. A district park is to be created whereas a school campus, an elementary school, and a daycare center will emerge. Moreover, high-rise office buildings will fill the area in front of MDR. Ask the people in the neighbourhood about these plans: Yes, they had heard about it. But they don’t know any more details. If they could participate in designing their new neighborhood? They were not sure. The media discourse revolves around the new plans of the investors and the city – but what about the demands and the participation of the residents? And the future residents of the new quarter? After all, for whom is the planned urban space, if not for them?
In our previous article “Where are the people between Südvorstadt and Südost?” we reported of the low appropriation of space. As explanatory factors we suspected polarization and a lack of social networking in and between the adjacent neighbourhoods and of platforms for participation.To verify the theses we examined the city statistics and got in direct contact with the people who currently use the space – and we were able to confirm them.
So what does the neighbourhood expect from the project on its doorstep? And: who is the neighbourhood anyway?
“The neighbourhood […] is not simply an arbitrary district, but a local micro-world in which many things can be done on foot in one’s own street or around the corner; this results in a sense of belonging that remains anonymous but brings with it responsibility for life in the neighbourhood.”
Feldtkeller, Andreas (2001c): Das Projekt Innenentwicklung – Zurück in die Stadt?, in: Feldtkeller, Andreas (ed.): Städtebau: Vielfalt und Integration, Neue Konzepte für den Umgang mit Stadtbrachen, Stuttgart, p. 34.
The open spaces south of Bayerischer Bahnhof seem to be one thing above all: barely noticed. The crossing, serving as an extension of Shakespeare Straße, is well frequented by people, otherwise: all is quiet. Only the passing of the S-Bahn trains inside the new city tunnel broke the silence. Since the closure of the old Bayerischer Bahnhof and the dismantling of the tracks, no one seems to use the area. We have seen little reuse by the adjacent neighborhoods. That it is winter and we are in the middle of a pandemic may not be the only reasons. Could socio-spatially polarized neighborhoods and a lack of networks be the central factors?